Quranic Inspiration 443

Quranic Inspiration 443

When Our Verses (of the Quran) are recited to him he says: “Tales of the ancients!”

443a

Nay! But on their hearts is the Ran (covering of sins and evil deeds) which they used to earn.

443b

Nay! Surely, they (evil-doers) will be veiled from seeing their Lord that Day.

443c

Then, verily they will indeed enter and taste the burning flame of Hell.

443d

Then it will be said [to them], “This is what you used to deny.”

Chapter 83 Al-Mutaffifīn : Verses 13-17

Explanatory Notes:

The Status of the Wicked and some of what happens to Them

Concerning Allah’s statement,

(When Our Ayat are recited to him, he says: “Tales of the ancients!”) meaning, whenever he hears the Words of Allah from the Messenger , he denies it and has ill thoughts about it. Thus, he believes that it is a collection gathered from the books of the ancients. This is as Allah says,

(And when it is said to them: “What is it that your Lord has sent down” They say: “Tales of the men of old!”) (16:24) Similarly Allah says,

(And they say: “Tales of the ancients, which he has written down: and they are dictated to him morning and afternoon.”) (25:5) Then Allah continues saying,

(Nay! But on their hearts is the Ran (covering) which they used to earn.) meaning, the matter is not as they claim, nor as they say: “Verily, this Qur’an is tales of the ancients.” Rather, it is the Word of Allah, His inspiration and His revelation to His Messenger . The only thing that blocked their hearts from believing in it is the dark covering cast over it from the many sins and wrong they committed that has covered up their hearts. Thus, Allah says,

(Nay! But on their hearts is the Ran (covering) which they used to earn.) This dark covering known as Rayn overcomes the hearts of the disbelievers, the covering of Ghaym is for the righteous, and the covering of Ghayn is for those who are near to Allah. Ibn Jarir, At-Tirmidhi, An-Nisa’i, and Ibn Majah all recorded from Abu Hurayrah that the Prophet said,

But on their hearts is the Ran (covering) which they used to earn.) meaning, the matter is not as they claim, nor as they say: “Verily, this Qur’an is tales of the ancients.” Rather, it is the Word of Allah, His inspiration and His revelation to His Messenger . The only thing that blocked their hearts from believing in it is the dark covering cast over it from the many sins and wrong they committed that has covered up their hearts. Thus, Allah says, “What is it that your Lord has sent down” They say: “Tales of the men of old!”) (16:24) Similarly Allah says,

(And they say: “Tales of the ancients, which he has written down: and they are dictated to him morning and afternoon.”) (25:5) Then Allah continues saying,

(Nay! But on their hearts is the Ran (covering) which they used to earn.) meaning, the matter is not as they claim, nor as they say: “Verily, this Qur’an is tales of the ancients.” Rather, it is the Word of Allah, His inspiration and His revelation to His Messenger . The only thing that blocked their hearts from believing in it is the dark covering cast over it from the many sins and wrong they committed that has covered up their hearts. Thus, Allah says,

(Nay! But on their hearts is the Ran (covering) which they used to earn.) This dark covering known as Rayn overcomes the hearts of the disbelievers, the covering of Ghaym is for the righteous, and the covering of Ghayn is for those who are near to Allah. Ibn Jarir, At-Tirmidhi, An-Nisa’i, and Ibn Majah all recorded from Abu Hurayrah that the Prophet said,

(Verily, when the servant commits a sin, a black spot appears in his heart. If he repents from it, his heart is polished clean. However, if he increases (in the sin), the spot will continue to increase. That is the statement of Allah: ((Nay! But on their hearts is the Ran (covering) which they used to earn.)) At-Tirmidhi said, “Hasan Sahih.” The wording of An-Nasa’i says,

(Whenever the servant commits a wrong, a black spot is put in his heart. So, if he refrains from it, seeks forgiveness and repents, his heart is polished clean. But if he returns to the sin, the spot will increase until it overcomes his (entire) heart, and this is the Ran that Allah mentions when He says: (Nay, but on their hearts is the Ran (covering) which they used to earn.)) Concerning Allah’s statement,

(Nay! Surely, they will be veiled from seeing their Lord that Day.) meaning, they will have a place on the Day of Judgement, and lodging in Sijjin. Along with this they will be veiled from seeing their Lord and Creator on the Day of Judgement. Imam Abu `Abdullah Ash-Shafi`i said, “In this Ayah is a proof that the believers will see Him (Allah), the Mighty and Sublime, on that Day.” Concerning Allah’s statement,

(Then verily, they will indeed enter the burning flame of Hell.) meaning, along with this being prevented from seeing the Most Gracious, they will also be among the people of the Fire.

(Then, it will be said to them: “This is what you used to deny!”) (83:17) meaning, this will be said to them by way of scolding, rebuking, belittling, and humiliation.

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