And if they were to see a fragment from the sky falling, they would say, “[It is merely] clouds heaped up.”
So leave them until they meet their Day in which they will be struck insensible –
The Day their plan will not avail them at all, nor will they be helped.
And verily, for those who do wrong, there is another punishment (i.e. the torment in this world and in their graves) before this, but most of them know not.
And be patient, [O Muhammad], for the decision of your Lord, for indeed, you are in Our eyes. And exalt [ Allah ] with praise of your Lord when you arise.
And in a part of the night exalt Him and after [the setting of] the stars.
Chapter 52 At-Tūr : Verses 44-49
The Stubbornness of the Idolators; Their Punishment
Allah the Exalted reaffirms the stubbornness of the idolators and their ignorance of what goes around them,
(And if they were to see a piece of the heaven falling down,) meaning, on them as punishment, they would not believe it is coming their way, saying that, these are layers of clouds on top of each other. Allah the Exalted said in other Ayat,
(And even if We opened to them a gate from the heaven and they were to keep on ascending thereto (all day long), they would surely say (in the evening): “Our eyes have been dazzled. Nay, we are a people bewitched.”)(15:14-15) Allah the Exalted said,
(So leave them alone), `O Muhammad,’
(till they meet their Day, in which they will sink into a fainting.) on the Day of Resurrection,
(The Day when their plotting shall not avail them at all, ) meaning, on the Day of Resurrection, their deceit and plots they planned in this life shall not help them in the least,
(nor will they be helped.) Allah the Exalted said,
(And verily, for those who do wrong, there is another punishment before this;) meaning, that of being the torment in this world. Allah the Exalted said in another Ayah,
(And verily, We will make them taste of the near torment prior to the supreme torment (in the Hereafter), in order that they may return.)(32:21) Allah said;
(but most of them know not.) meaning, `We will torment them in the life of the world and test them with various hardships, so that they might go back and repent. However, they do not understand what is happening to them or why, because when the torment is removed, they revert to committing the worst of what they used to do before.’ A Hadith states that.
Ordering the Prophet to have Patience and to glorify Allah
Allah the Exalted said,
(So wait patiently for the decision of your Lord, for verily, you are under Our Eyes;) meaning, `be patient in the face of their annoyance and do not be concerned about it, for you are under Our Eyes and Protection, and We will surely protect you from the people,’
(and glorify the praises of your Lord when you get up.) Ad-Dahhak said, “Meaning to stand for the Salah (and say): “Glorious are You and with Your praise, Hallowed be Your Name, Exalted be Your majesty, and there is no God (worthy of worship) except You.” In his Sahih, Muslim recorded that `Umar used to recite this supplication when he began Salah. Ahmad and the Sunan compilers recorded this Hadith from Abu Sa`id and other Companions, who stated that the Prophet used to say that. Abu Al-Jawza’ commented on the Ayah;
(and glorify the praises of your Lord when you get up.) “From your sleep, from your bed.” And this is the view chosen by Ibn Jarir. Suporting this view is the Hadith that Imam Ahmad recorded that `Ubadah bin As-Samit said that the Messenger of Allah said,
(Whoever gets up at night and says: `La ilaha illallah, He is One without partners. For Him is the kingdom and all praise is due to Him. He has power over all things. Glory be to Allah, and all praise is due to Allah, and La illaha illallah and Allah is Greater. There is neither might nor power except Allah.’ And then says, `O Lord! Forgive me.’ Or invokes (Allah), he will be responded to it, and if he intends and performs ablution and prays, his prayer will be accepted.) Al-Bukhari and the Sunan compilers also recorded this Hadith. Ibn Abi Najih reported that Mujahid commented on the Ayah,
(and glorify the praises of your Lord when you get up.) saying, “From every gathering you sit in.” Ath-Thawri said that Abu Ishaq narrated that Abu Al-Ahwas said that,
(and glorify the praises of your Lord when you get up.) “When a person wants to stand from a gathering, he says: `Glory be to You, O Allah, and with Your praise.”’ Abu Hurayrah narrated that the Prophet said,
(Whoever sits in a gathering in which he speaks idle excessively, but says before he stands up to depart that gathering, `Glory be to You O Allah , and with Your praise, I testify that there is no God (worthy of worship) except You, I seek Your forgiveness, and I repent to You.’ Then, Allah will forgive him what he has said in that gathering.) This was recorded by At-Tirmidhi, and this is his wording, and it was also recorded by An-Nasa’i in ﴿`Amal﴾ Al-Yawm wal-Laylah. At-Tirmidhi said, “Hasan Sahih.” It was also recorded by Al-Hakim in his Mustadrak, and he said, “Its chain meets the criteria of Muslim.” Allah the Exalted said;
(And in the nighttime also glorify His praises), meaning remember and worship Allah by reciting the Qur’an and praying at night. Allah the Exalted said in another Ayah,
(And in some of the night, offer Tahajjud in it as an additional (prayer) for you. It may be that your Lord will raise you to Maqam Mahmud.)(17:79) Allah said;
(and at the setting of the stars.) is in reference to the two voluntary Rak`ahs before the Dawn prayer, according to a Hadith from Ibn `Abbas. These two Rak`ahs are an established Sunnah performed before the stars are about to set. It is confimred in the Two Sahihs from `A’ishah, may Allah be pleased with her, who said, “The Prophet was never more regular and particular in offering any voluntary prayer than the two (Sunnah) Rak`ahs of the Fajr prayer.” In another narration collected by Muslim, ﴿the Prophet said,
(Two (Sunnah) Rak`ahs before Fajr are better than this life and all that in it.)