Say (O Muhammad SAW to these pagans): “Think! All that you invoke besides Allah show me! What have they created of the earth? Or have they a share in (the creation of) the heavens? Bring me a Book (revealed before this), or some trace of knowledge (in support of your claims), if you are truthful!”
And who is more astray than he who invokes besides Allah those who will not respond to him until the Day of Resurrection, and they, of their invocation, are unaware.
And when the people are gathered [that Day], they [who were invoked] will be enemies to them, and they will be deniers of their worship.
Chapter 46 Al-‘Aĥqāf : Verses 4-6
Refuting the Idolators
Allah then says,
(Say) meaning, to these idolators who worship others besides Allah.
(Think you about all that you invoke besides Allah Show me what they have created of the earth) (46:4) meaning, `show me the place that they have independently created from the earth.’
(Or have they a share in the heavens) which means that they are not partners in anything in the heavens, nor on earth. They do not own even the thin membrane covering a date’s pit. The dominion and control only belong to Allah, Exalted is He. `How then would you worship others or join them as partners with Him Who guided you to that Who called you to that Did He command you to do it, or is it something that you suggested yourselves’ Thus, He says,
(Bring me a scripture prior to this) meaning, `bring a book from among the Books of Allah that have been revealed to the Prophets, that commands you to worship these idols.’
(or some trace of knowledge,) meaning, `some clear evidence justifying this way you have chosen.’
(if you are truthful!) meaning, `you have absolutely no evidence for that — neither textual (from revelation) nor rational.’ For this reason, some recited it; (أَوْ أَثَرَةٍ مِنْ عِلْمٍ) “or something inherited from knowledge” meaning, `or true knowledge that you have inherited from anyone before you.’ This is similar to Mujahid’s statement when he said,
(or some trace of knowledge.) “Or anyone who has inherited any knowledge.” Allah then says,
(And who is more astray than those who invokes besides Allah others who will not answer them until the Day of Resurrection, and who are unaware of their invocations to them) meaning, no one is more misguided than those who invoke idols instead of Allah, asking them for things that they cannot give — until the Day of Judgment. They (the idols) are unaware of what he asks, they can neither hear, see, or act. This is because they are inanimate, senseless stones. Allah then says,
(And when mankind are gathered, they will become their enemies and will deny their worship.) This is similar to Allah’s saying:
(They have taken gods beside Allah, that they might give them dignity. No! They will deny their worship of them, and will be opponents to them.) (19:81, 82) meaning, they will betray them when they need them the most. (Ibrahim) Al-Khalil, peace be upon him, said:
(You have taken only idols besides Allah! The love between you is only in the life of this world. On the Day of Resurrection, you shall disown each other and curse each other, and your abode will be the Fire, and you shall have no helpers.)(29:25)