Whether We show you (O Muhammad SAW) part of what We have promised them or cause you to die, your duty is only to convey (the Message) and on Us is the reckoning.
See they not that We gradually reduce the land (of disbelievers, by giving it to the believers, in war victories) from its outlying borders. And Allah judges, there is none to put back His Judgement and He is Swift at reckoning.
Chapter 13 Ar-Ra‘d : Verses 40-41
Explanatory Notes :
Punishment is by Allah, and the Messenger’s Job is only to convey the Message
Allah said to His Messenger ,
`(Whether We show you) O Muhammad, part of the disgrace and humiliation We have promised your enemies in this life,
(or cause you to die) before that,
(your duty is only to convey We have only sent you to convey to them Allah’s Message, and by doing so, you will have fulfilled the mission that was ordained on you,
(and on Us is the reckoning), their reckoning and recompense is on Us.’ Allah said in similar Ayat,
(So remind them – you are only one who reminds. You are not a dictator over them – Save the one who turns away and disbelieves. Then Allah will punish him with the greatest punishment. Verily, to Us will be their return, Then verily, for Us will be their reckoning.)(88:21-26) Allah said next,
(See they not that We gradually reduce the land from its outlying borders.) Ibn `Abbas commented, “See they not that We are granting land after land to Muhammad ()” Al-Hasan and Ad-Dahhak commented that this Ayah refers to Muslims gaining the upper hand over idolators, just as Allah said in another Ayah,
(And indeed We have destroyed towns round about you.) (46:27)