And to [the people of] Madyan [We sent] their brother Shu’ayb. He said, “O my people, worship Allah ; you have no deity other than Him. There has come to you clear evidence from your Lord. So fulfill the measure and weight and do not deprive people of their due and cause not corruption upon the earth after its reformation. That is better for you, if you should be believers.
Chapter 7 Al-A‘rāf : Verse 85
Story of Shu`ayb, upon him be Peace, and the Land of Madyan
Muhammad bin Ishaq said, “They (the people of Madyan) are the descendents of Madyan, son of Midyan, son of Ibrahim. Shu`ayb was the son of Mikil bin Yashjur. And in the Syrian language, his name was Yathrun (Jethro)”. I (Ibn Kathir) say, Madyan was the name of the tribe and also a city that is close to Ma`an on route to the Hijaz (from Ash-Sham). Allah said in another Ayah,
(And when he arrived at the water (a well) of Madyan he found there a group of men watering (their flocks).) (28:23)
(He said: “O my people! Worship Allah! You have no other God but Him”) and this is the call of all Messengers,
(“Verily, a clear proof (sign) from your Lord has come unto you;”) meaning, `Allah has presented the proof and evidences of the truth of what I brought you.’ He then advised them and commanded them to give full measure and full weight and not to wrong men in their dealings, meaning, to refrain from cheating people in buying and selling. They used to treacherously avoid giving full weight and measure. Allah said in other Ayat,
(Woe to Al-Mutaffifin (those who give less in measure and weight)…) (83:1) until He said,
(before the Lord of all that exists) ﴿83:6﴾. These Ayat contain a stern warning and sure promise that we ask Allah to save us from. Shu`ayb was called `Speaker of the Prophets’, because of his eloquent words and eloquent advice, and Allah stated that Shu`ayb said.