Quranic Inspiration 143

Quranic Inspiration 143

So as for the orphan, do not oppress [him].

143B

And as for the petitioner, do not repel [him].

143C

But as for the favor of your Lord, report [it].

Chapter 93 Adh-Dhuĥā : Verses 9-11

Explanatory Notes:

How should this Bounty be responded to

Allah says,

(Therefore, treat not the orphan with oppression.) meaning, `just as you were an orphan and Allah sheltered you, then do not oppress the orphan.’ In other words, `do not humiliate him, scorn him or despise him. Rather, you should be kind and gentle to him.’ Qatadah said, “Be like a merciful father to the orphan.”

(And repulse not the one who asks.) meaning, `just as you were astray and Allah guided you, then do not scorn the one who asks for knowledge seeking to be guided.’ Ibn Ishaq said,

(And repulse not the one who asks.) “This means do not be oppressive, arrogant, wicked, or mean to the weak among Allah’s servants.” Qatadah said, “This means respond to the poor with mercy and gentleness.”

(And procalim the grace of your Lord.) meaning, `just as you were poor and needy, and Allah made you wealthy, then tell about Allah’s favor upon you.’ Abu Dawud recorded from Abu Hurayrah that the Prophet said,

(Whoever is not thankful to the people, then he is not thankful to Allah.) At-Tirmidhi also recorded this Hadith and he said, “Sahih”. Abu Dawud recorded from Jabir that the Prophet said,

(Whoever overcomes some test (i.e., calamity) and mentions it (to others), then he is indeed thankful. And whoever conceals it, then indeed he was ungrateful.) Abu Dawud was alone in recording this Hadith.

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