Quranic Inspiration 30

Quranic Inspiration 30

In (to) this worldly life and in the Hereafter. And they ask you concerning orphans. Say: “The best thing is to work honestly in their property, and if you mix your affairs with theirs, then they are your brothers. And Allah knows him who means mischief (e.g. to swallow their property) from him who means good (e.g. to save their property). And if Allah had wished, He could have put you into difficulties. Truly, Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise.”

Chapter 2 Al-Baqarah : Verse 220

Explanatory Notes:

Maintaining the Orphan’s Property

Ibn Jarir reported that Ibn `Abbas said, “When the Ayat:

(And come not near to the orphan’s property, except to improve it.) (6:152) and

(Verily, those who unjustly eat up the property of orphans, they eat up only fire into their bellies, and they will be burnt in the blazing Fire!) (4:10) were revealed, those who took care of some orphans, separated their food and drink from the orphans’ food and drink. When some of the orphans’ food and drink remained, they would keep it for them until they eat it or otherwise get spoiled. This situation was difficult for them and they mentioned this subject to Allah’s Messenger .

(And they ask you concerning orphans. Say: “The best thing is to work honestly in their property, and if you mix your affairs with theirs, then they are your brothers.) Hence, they joined their food and drink with the food and drink of the orphans.” Ibn Jarir reported that `A’ishah said, “I dislike that an orphan’s money be under my care, unless I mix my food with his food and my drink with his drink.”

Allah said:

(Say: The best thing is to work honestly in their property.) meaning, on the one hand (i.e., this is required in any case). Allah then said:

(…and if you mix your affairs with theirs, then they are your brothers.) meaning, there is no harm if you mix your food and drink with their food and drink, since they are your brothers in the religion. This is why Allah said afterwards:

(And Allah knows (the one) who means mischief (e.g., to swallow their property) from (the one) who means good (e.g., to save their property). ) meaning, He knows those whose intent is to cause mischief or righteousness. He also said:

(And if Allah had wished, He could have put you into difficulties. Truly, Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise) meaning, if Allah wills, He will make this matter difficult for you. But, He made it easy for you, and allowed you to mix your affairs with the orphans’ affairs in a way that is better. Similarly, Allah said:

(And come not near to the orphan’s property, except to improve it.) (6:152)

Allah has thus allowed spending from the orphan’s estate by its executor, in reasonable proportions, on the condition that he has the intention to compensate the orphan later on, when he can afford it.

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